There are four types of vaginal cancer, depending on where the cancer began.
Vaginal squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type and refers to the thin, flat cells that line the surface of the vagina.
Vaginal adenocarcinoma begins in the glandular cells on the surface of the vagina.
Vaginal melanoma develops on the pigment-producing cells of the vagina.
Vaginal sarcoma develops in the connective tissue cells or smooth muscle cells in the vagina walls.
Vaginal cancer, especially at the precancerous and early stages, may not cause any symptoms.
Common signs for more advanced vaginal cancer include:
- Unusual vaginal bleeding (i.e., between menses, after intercourse, new postmenopausal
- Pain (vaginal, vulvar, lower abdominal/pelvic, back or flank)
- Problems with urination or bowel movements
- Watery vaginal discharge
- Lump or mass in the vagina